Albania - AUA

Albanian Union of Architects and Urban Planners (AUA)
Albania

ECTP-CEU member since: 2014
Amount of own members:
President: Ledian Bregasi
Delegate(s):
Contacts: Rruga Bylis 12
Autostrada Tirane-Durres Km5, Tirana
Albania
tel: +355 (0)4 240 7420/21
e-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Web: http://www.unioniiarkitekteve.org/


Annual AUA reports to ECTP-CEU


Albania’s projects presented by AUA to the ECTP-CEU European and Regional Planning Awards: 
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Country Factsheet for Albania (.al)
ECTP-CEU Study Profession qualification Recognition - Stage II document - Appendix 4 Draft Directory (2012-12-21)
General Country Information
Capital City Tirana
Population 2,886,026
Area (km2) 28,748 km2
Population Density 98 per km2
EU Membership: Albania is not a member of EU. Negotiations to join the EU commenced in 2014.

Albania is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. The country is divided into 12 administrative counties (prefecture). These counties are further divided into 61 municipalities (bashki). The 36 districts (rreth) became defunct in 2000. There are 2980 villages/communities (fshat) in Albania.

The spatial and urban planning matters are shared between the national, regional and local level. The municipalities are the first level of local governance, responsible for local needs and law enforcement


Albania’s Ministry contacts:

Ministry of Urban Development
Abdi Toptani Nr. 1
1000 Tirana
Albania
T: +355 04 2256 089
E: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The Ministry of Urban Development designs and implements policies aimed at modernizing the implementation of the legal framework in the field of planning and urban development, housing, legalization of informal integration. It carries out its activities in these areas of: Sustainable planning and urban development, Land management and development control of the territory, legalization of informal areas, urban construction standards, housing, and project management field of urban development. The Ministry of Urban Development is responsible for the design and implementation of the legislation, strategies and policies in the areas under state responsibility.

Ministry’s organogram:
http://www.zhvillimiurban.gov.al/files/userfiles/struktura/STRUKTURA_MZHU.pdf 


Planning as a Regulated Profession in Albania

The Albanian Union of Architects and Urban Planners is currently the only body in Albania which is authorized to issue licenses for an authorized spatial and urban planner, designer and contractor.
The Union of Architects, Urban Planners and Planners - AUA was founded in response to the need for a complete representation of the community of architects, planners and planners in Albania.

Professional Title:
The common professional name is "Urbanist".

EU Database Status:
The profession of “Urbanist” or Urban Planner in Albania is not included in the EU Database of Regulated Professions.

National Regulation:
The Law No. 10119 on Land use Planning (LIGJ Nr. 10 119, datë 23.4.2009) regulates the establishment of the Albanian Chamber of Engineers with its seat in Belgrade.

http://faolex.fao.org/cgi-bin/faolex.exe?rec_id=072342&database=faolex&search_type=link&table=result&lang=eng&format_name=@ERALL<br< a=""> />
The Urban Planning Law of 1998 (Nr.8405, date 17.9.1998)
http://faolex.fao.org/docs/pdf/alb60734E.pdf

Regional regulation:
None.


Universities with approved planning trainings in Albania

The courses leading to the profession of “Urbanist”, or Urban Planner, are Third Level Degree in Planning. In Albania, these courses are provided by:
• Polis University, International School of Architecture and Urban Development Policies, Faculty of Planning and Environment
The Faculty holds a Masters a two-year study programme on Design and Urban studies with specializations in Parametric Architectural Design, Aesthetic and Structural Design and Landscape and Urban Design.
The ‘Joint Degree’ Regional Master Program of aims to provide students with enhanced theoretical know-how of architectural design and urban development studies.
• Epoka University, Department of Architecture
The Professional Master of Architecture Program (Professional MArch) offers a year of advanced study for graduate students with previous professional degrees in architecture, urban design, landscape architecture, civil engineering, and city planning.
• Polytechnic University of Tirana, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism
The Faculty provides a five-year Master of Science in Architecture – The “Urban planner” profile aims to provide students with scientific knowledge in the fields of architecture and urban planning as well specific professional knowledge in related disciplines.

 


Town Planning Press of Albania


Country regulation:

SPATIAL PLANNING:

The contents of regional plans, master plans, general regulatory plans and partial urban studies and their frameworks are regulated by Urban Regulation. This regulation has been approved by the Council of Ministers and is legally binding. There are no other regulations in this matter.
(1) Regional plans comprise: The guidance objectives for the territorial policy, the chosen territorial model, the definition of the directives, of the main problems for every area in the plan, considerations about the environmentally or culturally important areas, the elements of the state regulation for Environment Impact Assessment, the localisation of public works, infrastructures at the local, regional and national level, specification of the priorities at the regional and local level, and their coordination according to the economic-financial programme.
(2) The master plan is prepared on the basis of the duty of projection that is composed of the data on the geographic positions, seismology, climate, hydrology, hydrogeology, hydrotechnics, morphology, geomorphology, pedology, environment, land use, cultural heritage, infrastructure, demography, and urban studies for the inhabited centres.
(3) The general regulatory plan comprises: The boundaries of the construction area and of the suburban area are defined in this plan. The contents of this plan is as follows: objectives and strategy, conditions that determine the ownership of the land and its value, classification of the territory into functional areas, urban reconstruction areas, areas for the future development of the city, urban conditions, territorial structure, elements of urban development, study of geologic, hydrologic and seismologic conditions, coordination with the master plan and the regional plan, economicfinancial assessment and the forecast for demographic developments. The general regulatory plan is prepared on the basis of the duty/task of projection that is composed of the data on the geographic positions, seismology, climate, hydrology, hydrogeology, hydrotechnics, morphology, geomorphology, pedology, environment, land use, cultural heritage, infrastructure, demography, and urban studies for the inhabited centres.


COMPETENT BODIES:

• Parliament of the Republic, National Council of Territory, National Agency for Territorial Planning, City Assembly.


PUBLIC PARTICIPATION AND COMMUNICATION

Information, consultation and dialogue
Following the fulfilment of the design, the regional plans, master plans, general Regulatory plans and partial urban studies are deposited in the Secretariats of the county and municipality within fifteen days. They remain available to the interested people for thirty days. When deposited, the plan is announced by the public media. The comments made by the public, or interested people, are reflected by the urban unit in the final plans. The final urban plans are submitted to the competent bodies for approval. In practice, the plans are made without public participation.
http://acor.ro/files/rel_internat/nalas/manuale%20-%20ghiduri%20-%20in%20limba%20engleza/NALAS%20-%20implementation%20of%20spatial%20and%20urban%20planning%20in%20Albania,%20Kosovo,%20Macedonia,%20Moldova.....pdf 


PLANNING LEGISLATION

Main Planning legislation
Law No. 8405 on Urban Planning (17.9.1998).
(Abstract)
There is hereby established the legislative framework in matter of urban planning, taking into particular account the economic and social development at the national and local levels and the protection of the environment. All constructions within the national territory shall be based upon regional and environmental urban planning studies, master plans and general adjustment plans.
The Law consists of the following Chapters:
(I) Definitions; (II) General provisions; (III) Competences of the State organs in the field of urban planning; (IV) Management of land without constructions; (V) Constructions in tourism areas; (VI) Management of areas and territories of peculiar cultural, environmental, archaeological and strategical values; (VII) Illegal construction and arbitrary occupation of the site; (VIII) Sanctions.


Websites

Ministry of Urban Development:
http://www.zhvillimiurban.gov.al/

Albanian Union of Architects and Urban Planners:
http://www.unioniiarkitekteve.org/

FAOLEX legislative database:
http://faolex.fao.org/