Hungary - MUT

Magyar Urbanisztikai Társaság (MUT) 
Hungary

ECTP-CEU member since: 1994
Amount of own members:
President: Imre Körmendy
Delegate(s): Geza Salamin
Contacts: Liliom u. 48
1094 Budapest
Hungary
tel: +36 1/ 215 5794
fax: +36 1/ 215 5162
e-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Web: http://www.mut.hu


Annual MUT reports to ECTP-CEU


Hungary’s projects presented by MUT to the ECTP-CEU European and Regional Planning Awards:

2014 - 10th Edition:

• Sustainable Energy Management In Szentes

2012 - 9th Edition:

• Pecs

2010 – 8th Edition:

• Historical Spa Area

2010 – 8th Edition:

• Regeneration of brownfield site in the centrel area of budapest

2010 – 8th Edition:

• Rehabilitation of a brown-field area in budapest former pig slaughterhouse

2010 – 8th Edition:

• Nagykanizsa – linking urban spaces: Special mention

 


Country Factsheet for Hungary (.hu)
ECTP-CEU Study Profession qualification Recognition - Stage II document - Appendix 4 Draft Directory (2012-12-21)

General Country Information
Capital City Budapest
Population 9,855,571
Area (km2) 93,030
Population Density 107.2/per km2
EU Membership Hungary joined what is now known as the EU in 2004.
Hungary is a unitary parliamentary representative democratic republic, divided into 19 counties and the capital Budapest. Together they represent the 20 NUTS third-level units of Hungary. The counties are further subdivided into 198 ridings (járások). There are also 23 towns with county rights. The local authorities of these towns have extended powers, but these towns belong to the territory of the respective county instead of being independent territorial units. Spatial planning is the competence of these local authorities through their own spatial planning laws.


Hungary’s Ministry contacts:

There is no Spatial Planning Ministry in Hungary; the competence is at local level. Some National Planning responsibilities are shared by the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Rural Development and the Ministry of National development.


Planning as a Regulated Profession in Hungary
The competence of planning is attributed to the architecture and engineering professions. The Town planners may perform the following professional activities under the arrangements of the government Decree 266/2013. (VII. 11.):
• A town planner is responsible for government decisions, mandates and legislation, standards and technical documentation with the tasks involving urban planning.
• Management of the urban structures, territorial, landscape and environmental coordination and management of the environmental assessment and the feasibility of urban and regional projects;
• Development of strategies, policies and urban or territorial transformation projects.

Professional Title:
The common professional name is "Várostervező" or Urban planner.

EU Database Status:
The profession of “Várostervező” (Településtervezési szakterület) in Hungary is included in the EU Database of Regulated Professions, but without any information on the type of regulation.

National Regulation:
Indirect through the professional chamber of Hungarian Chamber of Engineers (MMK), which holds a register of those allowed to practice under this title.

Government Decree (1) of 266/2013. (VII. 11.) Kormányrendelet 354/2009:

http://njt.hu/cgi_bin/njt_doc.cgi?docid=161886 

Regional regulation:
None.


Universities with approved planning trainings in Hungary
The courses leading to the profession of “Településmérnök”, or town planner, are three year Bachelor and two year Master study programmes in Planning.

In Hungary, these courses are provided by:
◦ University of Pécs, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology
Faculty holds a two year study programme City Engineer, which includes:
• Urban planning and Urban design
• Urban Ecology
• Urban Sociology
• Rural Planning
• Municipal infrastructure
• History and Theory of Architecture and Urbanism
• Regional and Structural Policy
• Regional Planning and Regional Development
• Spatial Economics and Geography
• Cartography
• Information technology: CAD, GIS
• Environmental Protection

◦ Szent István University, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism
◦ Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), Department of Urban Planning and Design, Faculty of Architecture, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development
Example from “ECTP-CEU Draft Stage 2 Study on the Recognition of Planning Qualifications in Europe”:

Master of Science in Urban Engineering, Corvinus University of Budapest:


Town Planning Press of Hungary
• MUTATO
• EUROPAN HUNGARY
• urb/bme
• 4D online
• Architectforum
• Epiteszforum
• Nemzeti Kulturalis Alap
• Magary Tudomanyos Akademia


Country regulation:
SPATIAL PLANNING:

The Spatial planning documents are National, Municipal and Inter-Municipal spatial planning acts:
• The National Level (OTrT)
The National Spatial Plan is amongst the most important planning documents in the country. It is the basis and a main guide for Regional and Local Planning. The plan includes a spatial policy of the country, as well as the national and regional land-use zoning with regard to sustainable development, regional, landscape, ecological and cultural characteristics, values, conservation and protection of resources.
• The Regional Level
It is a strategic document which establishes guidelines on the regional level to the land use and the territorial transformations. Its purpose is to promote economic, environmental and planning policies coming from the National level, and to help to the creation of the municipal plans.
• The County level
In accordance to the regional plans, the county-level plans include regional development, rural development, land planning and coordination tasks.
• The Local Level
The municipal plan covers the settlement structure plan which defines the development possibilities, the land use, and the structure of the settlement congruent with the layout of both national and regional interests, general zoning plans and defines the locations for the technical infrastructure.


COMPETENT BODIES:

• Parliament of the Republic, Regional Council, County Assembly, City Council or Assembly.

PUBLIC PARTICIPATION AND COMMUNICATION

Information, consultation and dialogue
The planning procedure involves the notification of the 27 Special Purpose State Agencies and the Regional Chief Architect. Besides the contacting of the 27 State Agencies only a short section of the 1997 Act regulates the involvement of the local stakeholders: the plan should be made public according to the “locally accustomed manner”.
During the process of formation and protection of the built environment and prior to measures and decisions passed in the public interest, or during the execution of such, public participation and the opportunity for community inspection shall be provided as defined in this Act and in separate legal regulations. Citizens and organizations concerned shall be adequately informed and allowed a forum to express their opinion and to present their proposals.


PLANNING LEGISLATION

Main Planning legislation
http://njt.hu/cgi_bin/njt_doc.cgi?docid=30337.316001
LXXVIII of 1997. law
The Built Environment and Conservation
This law regulates national assets, rights and obligations, as well as the tasks and powers of authorities relating to spatial planning, the built environment and its protection.
Chapter I.
GENERAL PROVISIONS
§ 1. (1) This Act shall apply within the built environment, planning and protection:
a) The shaping and development of the area of the settlement. (hereinafter referred to as settlement planning)
b) Of the urban development planning and urban planning design (hereinafter referred to as the town planning);
[…]


Websites
Ministry for National Economy:
http://www.kormany.hu/en/ministry-for-national-economy 
Ministry of National Development:
http://www.kormany.hu/en/ministry-of-national-development 
Ministry of Rural Development:
http://2010-2014.kormany.hu/en/ministry-of-rural-development 
National Regional Development and Spatial Planning information system:
http://www.terport.hu/ 
Hungarian Society for Urban Planning:
http://www.mut.hu/ 
Hungarian Urban Knowledge Centre
http://www.special-eu.org/project-partners/hungarian-urban-knowledge-centre