France - SFU

Société Française des Urbanistes (SFU)
France


ECTP-CEU member since: 1985
Amount of own members: 300
President: Jacques VIALETTES
Delegate(s): Dominique LANCRENON,
Philippe DOUCET
Contacts:
e-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Web: www.urbanistes.com


Présidents d’Honneur de l'ECTP-CEU / ECTP-CEU Honorary Presidents:
Charles Lambert 
Luc Emile Bouche Florin
Dominique Lancrenon


Annual SFU reports to ECTP-CEU


France's projects presented by the SFU to the ECTP-CEU European and Regional Planning Awards:

2008 - 7th Edition:

• Fort-de-France – Urban Reconciliation Project
• Saint-Denis – City Centre Renewal


2010 – 8th Edition:

• Geneva – The France-Vaud-Geneva conurbation project: Winner

2012 – 9th Edition:

• Rennes – Le Blosne
• Toulouse – Strategic Vision of InterSCOT
• Ardt Antony – The New Garden City of Le Plessis-Robinson: Winner

2014 - 10th Edition:

• Pont-Chateau – Downtown Planning of Pont-Chateau
• Nancy – Eco-Neighbourhood of 'Le Plateau de Haye'
• Meaux – A Renewed city for a long-term management of energy
• Grenoble – Old barracks transformation into an eco-district
• Marne-la-Vallée – Eco-Neighbourhood Le Sycomore -Bussy Saint-Georges
• Bordeaux – Bordeaux Saint Jean Belcier towards a desirable sustainability
• Montmelian – Montmelian and its future Triangle Sud solar area : Winner


Country Factsheet for France (.fr)
ECTP-CEU Stage 2 Draft – Appendix 4 Draft Directory (2012-12-21)

General Country Information
Capital City Paris
Population 65,073,000
Area (km2) 675 417
Population Density 96 per km2
EU Membership France joined what is now known as the EU as a founding member in 1957.

France is a semi-presidential republic, based on the Constitution of 1958. It is composed of Regions, Departments, and Communes as “Collectivités Territoriales” (Local authorities). An ongoing reform will change the administrative division and division of powers, like going from 22 to 13 Regions.

 


France’s Ministry contacts:
(From the Government website)

“Ministère du Logement, de l'Egalité des Territoires et de la Ruralité” (Ministry of Housing, Equal Territories and Rural Policy):

Hôtel de Castries
72 rue de Varenne
Paris 7ème arrondissement
Phone: +33 1 40 81 21 22


Planning as a Regulated Profession in France

The regulation is partial through the “Office Professionnel de Qualification des Urbanistes” (OPQU); it is an association which delivers a professional qualification to town planners.

Professional Title:
The common professional name is "Urbaniste".

EU Database Status:
The profession of “Urbaniste” in France is not included in the EU Database of Regulated Professions.

National Regulation:
Partial through the OPQU Association that is improving the recognition of this professional qualification.

Regional regulation:
None.


Universities with approved trainings in France

The courses leading to the profession of “Urbaniste”, or town planner, are Third Level Degree in Planning.
Those courses are provided, in France, by:
• Université Paul Cézanne Aix Marseille III, Institut d'Urbanisme et d'Aménagement Régional (IUAR)
• Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Institute of Geoarchitecture
• Université de Paris VIII, Institut Français d'Urbanisme (IFU)
• Université de Paris XII: Val de Marne, Institut d'Urbanisme de Paris
• Université Pierre Mendes-France, Institut d'Urbanisme de Grenoble
• Université Lumière Lyon II, Institut d'Aménagement Urbain de Lyon
• Université de Nantes, UFR de Droit, de Géographie et Aménagement et Ecole d'Architecture, DESS Villes et Territoires
• Université de Paris I, Magistère d'Aménagement et Master d'Aménagement et d'Urbanisme
• Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris, Cycle Supérieur d'Urbanisme de Sciences Politiques
• Université Paris IV Sorbonne, Institut d'Urbanisme et d'Aménagement Régional de l'Université Paris-Sorbonne
• Université Bordeaux III, Institut d'Aménagement, de Tourisme et d'Urbanisme (IATU)
• Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Institut d'Aménagement des Territoires, d'Environnement et d'Urbanisme de Reims (IATEUR)
• Université François Rabelais, Département d'Aménagement
• Université de Lille 1 – Sciences et Technologies, Institut d'Aménagement et d'Urbanisme de Lille


Example from “ECTP-CEU Draft Stage 2 Study on the Recognition of Planning Qualifications in Europe”:

Master of Planning, Urbanism and Development, University of Paris IV Sorbonne:
Here it's a two year course relatively even spread between all criteria, and a heavier part on Planning Product and Instruments.


Town Planning Press of France

• Urbanisme
• Le Moniteur
• La Gazette des Communes
• Traits Urbains
• La Semaine Juridique Notariale et Immobilière
• Actualité Juridique Droit Immobilier


Country regulation:
SPATIAL PLANNING:
Town Planning matters are regulated through three kind of documents:
• “Les Schémas de Cohérence Territoriale” (Territorial Coherence Schemes)
• “Les Plans Locaux d'Urbanisme” (Local Development Plans)
• “Les Cartes Communales” (Communal Maps)
(to mention also Plan Local d’Urbanisme Intercommunal, enhanced by the last laws : minimum of 15 000 unhabitants, )

And also that France has the particular situation to have 36 000 communes and 26 879 has under 1000 unhabitants
“Schéma de Cohérence Territoriale”:
Strategic planning document, it elaborates diagnosis based on economic and demographic forecasts for the agglomeration. It sets out the forest, natural, agricultural or urban areas to protect; he must be in accordance with the government and all the others upper documents, such as the “Plan de Prévention des Risques d'Inondation” (Prevention Plan on Flood Risks). Every six years, there is an analysis of its application to see if it must be changed.

“Plan Local d'Urbanisme”:
The “Plan Local d'Urbanisme” is a heavy document, and all of the 36 000 communes of France do not have the means to achieve this detailed instrument. That is why the Communal Map still exist, it defines the mode of application of the general planning rules. It is an escape to the rule of limited constructibility sets by the “Réglement National d'Urbanisme” (National Urbanism Rules), which limits the development of towns without any planning document.

“Carte Communale”:
It is a plan for municipalities, or their groups, which defines the global planning project of the area. It has to face the needs and the development of the population, respecting the principle of sustainable development. This document must provide a thrifty use of the space, and avoid chaotic urban sprawl through urban densification.


COMPETENT BODIES:

• Municipalities and “Etablissements Public de Coopération Intercommunale” (Public Institution of Intermunicipal Cooperation); State, Region and Departments Services.

PUBLIC PARTICIPATION AND COMMUNICATION

Information, consultation and dialogue
In the environment matter, the principle of public participation has been dedicated in the Constitution with the Article 7 of “La Charte de l'Environnement” (Environmental Charter) of 2004. It enshrines the right of access to environmental information held by public authorities, and to participate to all the decision impacting the environment.
Town Planning being tightly related to environment, the principle is also applied. This rules is represented by the “Enquêtes publiques” (Public Inquiries), which must inform citizens, and allow participation and comments on the document or project.
(Not only: participation has to be a continuous process in the establishment of planning document)

PLANNING LEGISLATION

Main Planning legislation
From “Code de l'Urbanisme, Livre 1, Titre 1, Article L110”:
“(...)
Le territoire français est le patrimoine commun de la nation. Chaque collectivité publique en est le gestionnaire et le garant dans le cadre de ses compétences. Afin d'aménager le cadre de vie, d'assurer sans discrimination aux populations résidentes et futures des conditions d'habitat, d'emploi, de services et de transports répondant à la diversité de ses besoins et de ses ressources, de gérer le sol de façon économe, de réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre, de réduire les consommations d'énergie, d'économiser les ressources fossiles d'assurer la protection des milieux naturels et des paysages, la préservation de la biodiversité notamment par la conservation, la restauration et la création de continuités écologiques, ainsi que la sécurité et la salubrité publiques et de promouvoir l'équilibre entre les populations résidant dans les zones urbaines et rurales et de rationaliser la demande de déplacements, les collectivités publiques harmonisent, dans le respect réciproque de leur autonomie, leurs prévisions et leurs décisions d'utilisation de l'espace. Leur action en matière d'urbanisme contribue à la lutte contre le changement climatique et à l'adaptation à ce changement.”
(The French territory is the common heritage of the nation. Each public authority is the manager and guarantor under its jurisdiction. To develop the living environment, to ensure without discrimination to resident populations and future habitat conditions, employment, transport and services that meet the diversity of needs and resources, manage soil thrifty way to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, reduce energy consumption, save fossil resources to ensure the protection of natural environments and landscapes, the preservation of biodiversity through conservation, restoration and establishment of ecological continuity, and safety and public health, and promote balance between people living in urban and rural areas, to rationalize travel demand, public authorities harmony, respecting reciprocal of their autonomy, their forecasts and decisions of use of space. Their urban planning action contributes to the fight against climate change and adaptation to this change.)


Websites

Société Française des Urbanistes:
http://www.urbanistes.com/  

Office Professionnel de Qualification des Urbanistes:
http://www.opqu.org/reference.php

Gouvernement:
http://www.gouvernement.fr/  

Ministère du Logement, de l'Egalité des Territoires et de la Ruralité:
http://www.territoires.gouv.fr/ministere  

Le Portail des Collectivités Locales:
http://www.collectivites-locales.gouv.fr/  

Regulated Profession Database of the European Commission:
http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/qualifications/regprof/index.cfm?action=homepage